Below are a glossary of Gastroenterology and Hepatology terms
Barrett’s Esophagus: Is a condition in which the tissue that is similar to the lining of your intestine replaces the tissue lining of your esophagus.
Bile Duct Disorders: Complicated issues with the bile duct which can include stones, leaks and cancers.
Celiac Disease: Is an immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye.
Chronic Diarrhea: Is loose stools that last for at least four weeks. This usually means three or more loose stools per day.
Chronic Liver Disease: Is a disease process of the liver that involves a process of the progressive destruction and regeneration of the liver.
Cirrhosis: Is a condition in which the liver does not function properly due to long-term damage.
Colon Cancer: Is the development of cancer in the colon and rectum. It is due to the abnormal growth of the cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Colorectal Cancer: Is the development of cancer in the colon and rectum. It is due to the abnormal growth of the cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Colon Cancer Screening: Can detect polyps and early cancers in the intestines. This type of screening can find problems that can be treated before cancer develops or spreads.
Constipation: It refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass. It is a common cause of painful defecation.
Diverticulosis: Is the condition of having diverticula in the colon, which are out pocketing of the colonic mucosa and submucosa through weaknesses of the muscle layers in the colon wall.
Esophagitis: Is inflammation of the tube that delivers food from mouth to stomach.
Esophageal Stricture: Is a narrowing of the tube often causing difficulty swallowing.
Heartburn: Is a burning sensation in the chest, just behind the breastbone or in the epigastrium, the upper central abdomen.
Acid Reflux: Is a chronic symptom of the mucosal damage caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus.
GERD (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease): Is a chronic symptom of the mucosal damage caused by the stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus
Helicobacter Pylori: Is a type of bacterium that causes inflammation and ulcers in the stomach and small intestine.
Hemorrhoids: They are vascular structures in the anal canal. They are cushions that help with stool control.
Hepatitis B: Is a severe form of viral hepatitis transmitted in the infected blood, causing fever, debility, and jaundice.
Hepatitis C: Is a form of viral hepatitis transmitted in the infected blood, causing chronic liver disease.
IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome): Is a common gastrointestinal disorder involving an abnormal condition of gut contractions and increased gut sensations characterized by abdominal pain/discomfort, gas, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel habits with constipation or diarrhea or alternating diarrhea and constipation.
Jaundice: Is a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae (whites of the eyes), and other mucous membranes caused by high blood bilirubin levels.
Liver Disease: Is a type of damage to or disease of the liver.
Pancreatitis: Is inflammation of the pancreas.
Polyps: A benign tumor occurring in areas lined with mucous membrane such as the gastrointestinal tract especially the colon.
PUD (Peptic Ulcer Disease): A sore that develops on the lining of the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine.
Rectal Bleeding: Blood passed rectally. Blood in the stool can be red or maroon color. Larger amount of blood that remains in the intestine long enough can turn the stool black.
Stomach Problems: abdominal pain or aches that could be caused by infection, ulcers or cancer.
Swallowing Problems: difficulty or pain while swallowing or eating.
Ulcerative Colitis: Is a form of inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation and ulcers in the colon.
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